With the advent of the Internet came an explosion in the number of indie musicians putting together their own albums and releasing them without the help of big record labels. One of the things that made this trend possible was the fact that with the advancement of computers and Internet came the capability to make a professional home recording studio with an investment of just a few hundred bucks. You can turn a spare bedroom, garage or basement into the perfect place to record your next musical masterpiece.
Choose the location you want to use for your new music recording studio. A lot of independent artists are turning their basements or spare bedrooms into their new recording studios. Remove all of the furniture and stuff in the room, clean it well and make sure that it has plenty of room to house all of the recording equipment you will be moving into the room.
Purchase a computer, a desk and some external hard drives for your new recording studio. Since most of the recording you do will be digital, you will need to pick a computer that can handle all the software and hardware you will be running into it. A Mac Notebook is one of the best computers to use for making and recording music digitally. You will need the external hard drives as extra storage space for all of the music files you will be recording and the equipment you will be using.
Buy and install some recording studio software on your computer. The best program to use for recording music and vocals is Adobe Audition. This program allows you to do multitrack recording sessions as well as giving you all the tools you will need to mix, master and polish all of your musical recordings. For additional programs, see the Resources section.
Hook up your recording interface to the computer and install its software on the computer. The recording interface will be where you plug in your vocal mic and your instrument mics, and the interface will be connected to the USB port in your computer. The sound will run through the interface into the recording studio program and allow you to record your music. The best interface is a Line 6 Tone Port interface, as it is cheap and has a lot of options (see Resources).
Connect your professional mixing speakers to your computer. You won't be able to just use any type of speakers if you want to do a professional mix and put out a good sounding product. You will need speakers specifically designed for recording and mixing.
Make a vocal booth for recording vocals. If you are using a spare bedroom, you will be able to use the closet as a recording booth. Simply remove all of the content from the closet, tack up some soundproofing foam, stick your mic and mic stand in there, and you're done. If you don't have a closet to use, you could build a small closet-type room or just simply square off some space in the middle of the room to use for recording vocals.
Soundproof the studio. Measure the length of all the walls and the door of the room so that you know how much foam to purchase. Cut the foam to match the measurements and use a hammer and tacks to put up the foam. You can get this type of foam at a variety of music shops online, such as Musician's Friend.
Hook up all your microphones and instruments to the recording interface. You will need to make sure that your mic is properly powered and plugged into the mic input on the interface. If you are using an electric instrument like a guitar, there will be a spot on the interface to plug it in separately. Be sure to have professional studio condenser microphones that will give you a good-quality sound. After you have all your gear hooked up, you are ready to record your music!