Having the perfect pair of socks can make or break the look of an outfit. However, it may be difficult to find the exact fit, color or pattern that is desired. Making your own socks has many benefits. The length and width of the socks can be adjusted to provide a custom fit. Knitting a pair of homemade socks gives you the creative freedom to customize the color, type of yarn and pattern.
Create the Cuff of the Sock
Wrap the loose end of yarn around the side peg on the loom, leaving a short tail. This will keep your work from unraveling.
Locate the first peg to the left of the side peg. Wrap the yarn around the side, over the top and back down the other side of the first peg, working toward the left. Continue wrapping each peg around the loom.
Knit the first peg. Hold the yarn against the outside of the first peg, above the loop of yarn. Hook the loop with the loom pick. Pull it up and over the string of yarn. Rotate the pick and hook the string of yarn, releasing the loop. Pull the string of yarn to create a second loop. Pull the original loop off the peg. Push the new loop onto the peg. Pull it tight.
Purl the second peg. Hold the yarn against the outside of the second peg, below the loop of yarn. Hook the loop with the loom pick. Pull it down and over the string of yarn. Rotate the pick and hook the string of yarn, releasing the loop. Pull the string of yarn to create a second loop. Pull the original loop off the peg. Push the new loop onto the peg. Pull it tight. Working under the loop creates an inverted purl stitch.
Work around the loom, alternating each peg with knitting and purling stitches. This will make the sock look ribbed. As you work, the stitches will grow from the middle of the loom. This is the top part of the sock on your leg. Continue knitting until the sock is as long as desired.
Create the Heel of the Sock
Clip a stitch marker on the first peg, beneath the loop. Count out 12 pegs to the left and attach a second stitch marker. This will help you keep track of your stitches.
Knit pegs 1 to 11. Hook the loom pick under the loop on the 12th peg. Pull the loop off of the peg. Pull the string of yarn behind the 12th peg, in between the peg and the stitches. Push the loop back onto the peg. Pull the string around the front of the 12th peg. This is called wrapping and turning. No stitch is created, but it will hold the yarn in place and allow you to turn toward the other direction.
Knit pegs 11 to 2. Wrap and turn on the first peg. Continue knitting back and forth between the 12 pegs. Each time you finish a side, decrease the pegs by wrapping and turning the next peg. For example, pegs 12, 1, 11, 2, 10, 3, 9 and 4 should all be wrapped and turned, in that order. Pegs 5 through 8 will not be wrapped and turned.
Knit pegs 5 through 9. Release both loops on the ninth peg as you knit. Turn the string of yarn to work in the other direction. Increase the pegs by knitting off the double loops one peg at a time on each side. For example, pegs 9, 4, 10, 3, 11, 2, 12 and 1 should all be knitted, in that order. Every peg will have a single loop when you are done knitting back and forth.
Finish the Sock
Knit each peg around the loom until the sock is slightly longer than the length of your foot.
Insert your loom pick under the loop on the second peg. Move the loop to the first peg. Hook both loops onto the loom pick. Pull the top loop through the bottom loop, releasing it. Replace the top loop onto the second peg. There will be no loop on the first peg. This is the process of binding off.
Bind off each peg. Remove the sock from the loom with the last loop.
Cut the yarn, leaving a 3-inch tail. Push the tail through the loop and pull tight, securing it in place. Turn the sock inside out.
Thread the needle with yarn. Push the needle through a hole at the edge of the toe opening. Weave the needle back and forth through stitches across the opening, pulling the two sides together.
Tie off and cut the yarn, leaving a 3-inch tail. Tie the two tails together. Weave in all tails.
Repeat the process to create a second sock.