Because the early black and white movies didn’t show colors, special effects makeup had limitations. Actors had to find their own ways to help the makeup bring their character to life. With time and new technology, makeup special effects see no more boundaries.
Actors, in the days before the “talkies,” often put on their own makeup.
Lon Chaney Sr.
He was a trailblazer in using simple yet innovative ideas such as wigs and fish skins to change his looks.
Max Factor created makeup specifically designed for film. This giant step allowed for further developments in special effects.
The fictional Frankenstein monster's body was created piece by piece in a laboratory. His head was fashioned of collodion-soaked cheesecloths and greasepaint.
"The Wizard of Oz" was the first big movie to make use of prosthetics. Actors had the parts glued on to them in the morning before cameras rolled.
Digital technology allows makeup artists to create illusions like Lt. Dan’s missing lower half in the movie "Forrest Gump."
Makeup artists can use special effects to create just about any illusion, from a simple beauty mark on the face to creating the most hideous monster.