The Amazon.com MP3 store is an extensive library of digital music where you can purchase albums and instantly download tracks to your computer. Purchasing music online provides quick access to your favorite songs, but Amazon’s service limits the actions you can perform with the files. The user agreement forbids any type of distribution that is not for personal use, including sharing, lending or re-selling downloaded songs. Amazon MP3s are not copy-protected, but you run the risk of violating copyright laws if you distribute the files to other users.
Before digital music was distributed primarily in the format of MP3s, music was a commodity that could be traded and re-sold without violating the rights of record companies. Although the audio recordings on an album belong to the record company, a commercial compact disc becomes the property of the consumer. When you purchase a CD, you maintain the right to lend it to a friend or sell the used disc. However, making copies of the disc to distribute to another person infringes upon the rights of the original producer, even if you are not seeking monetary gain. The ease of obtaining music files online and through file-sharing software has complicated the concept of ownership. The act of sharing music with friends can seem harmless, but transferring music files directly from user to user prevents the content creator from receiving compensation for his intellectual property.
Amazon Download Terms
Fair Use Rights
Amazon’s policy incorporates all-encompassing language to tackle various forms of potential “sharing.” For example, the term “assign” implies that you are prohibited from transferring ownership of a purchased track to another user and removing the music from your personal possession entirely. Alarmed by the specificity of Amazon’s service contract, “Seattle Times” journalist Brier Dudley sought clarification from legal expert Fred von Lohmann, a senior attorney with the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Lohmann noted the depth of the restrictions, which limit fair sharing by prohibiting all forms of transmission. According to Lohmann, the contract “appears to enable record companies to pursue a breach of contract if, for instance, you loaned your mother an iPod containing MP3s bought from Amazon.”
Record companies may not seek retribution for indirect or mild forms of sharing, journalist Dudley points out, but you should be aware of the unbalanced distribution of rights demonstrated by the Amazon user agreement. Although Amazon is a legal download service, you can still encounter legal trouble if you modify or re-distribute music purchased from the site. Amazon MP3s are not copy-protected through digital rights management software, so users have the capacity to perform sharing activities prohibited in the service terms. However, inadvertent infringement of copyright, such as automatic network sharing of Amazon music files on your computer, can result in a fine of up to $30,000, according to the United State Copyright Office. Intentional violation of copyright carries an even heftier maximum fine of $150,000.