Seven-inch records, or 45s, were first introduced in the late 40s by the RCA Victor record label. The 45 record was made to be the rival of the 33, or 12-inch long playing record. It is called a 45 because it plays at 45 RPM's, or revolutions per minute on a turntable. 45 records have become boutique collectible items for record collectors everywhere. However, many record collector's are not sure how to price their seven-inch record collection. According to GoContinental.com, many record collectors wrongly assume the determining factor of value is a record's age, which is almost never the case. The worth of any record is largely dependent upon its popularity, and the musical era during which it was released.
Determine the overall condition of the record sleeve and the record itself. If the sleeve is in bad condition, or the record has a lot of scratches, the record may not be worth very much at all.
Find out if your 45 is the first, second or third pressing. Do this by going to Discogs.com. You can search for records by the catalog number, and Discogs.com will have all the necessary information pertaining to the record release associated with the catalog number.
Purchase a copy of the latest edition of "Goldmine Price Guide to 45 RPM Records." This price guide provides a comprehensive list of all 45 records sold, or manufactured in the United States.
Go to MusicPriceGuide.com and search for your exact 45 record. MusicPriceGuide.com boasts an exhaustive database of records for sale. However, it is a place for record collectors and sellers to auction off their music to the highest bidder. MusicPriceGuide.com is a useful website gauge the value of a 45 record, but should not be used as an exact pricing guide.
Ezekiel James began as a music writer in 2003. Since then, James has served as a writer for several music, technology and design publications. His work has been published on eHow, TechAxcess.com and in print for the "The Potrero View" and "Punk Planet." James is currently pursuing a Bachelor of Arts degree in journalism from Portland State University.