How to Use a PASSAP Knitting Machine

A knitting machine can help reduce the time needed to knit large items.
knitting image by Alison Bowden from

Knitting machines make knitting a large item much faster than knitting it by hand. The PASSAP knitting machine has done this since it was introduced in 1939 by it's inventor Ernst Luchsinger. PASSAP machines were originally sold in Switzerland, but starting in 1946, sales took off in neighboring countries. Although using a PASSAP knitting machine still requires basic knitting knowledge, a large blanket or afghan can be completed by someone who only knows the basics. To make your finished garment look more professional, plan out the pattern ahead of time using at least two pattern cards to create alternating designs throughout the garment. When one pattern card is finished, you can slide in the next pattern card and continue knitting. You’ll look like a pro when you finish with a multi-dimensional knitted garment.

A knitting machine can help reduce the time needed to knit large items.
knitting image by Alison Bowden from

Things You'll Need

  • Crochet Needle
  • Passap Pattern Cards
  • Yarn

Place the PASSAP machine in front of you so that the yarn channels and slide are facing you. Pull up the lever on the right side and push it away from you until you feel it lock into place and the pins pop up.

Locate the slot for the PASSAP pattern card on the bottom right side. On most PASSAP machines this is about 1 inch from the furthest point underneath, on the right of the machine. Load the card into the machine according to the direction the arrow is pointing in and push the card in.

Push up and down on the lever on the right side of the PASSAP machine at least six times to advance the card. Leave the lever up on the last push so that the pusher rods are sticking up. If the pusher rods are not aligned into a straight, do so and push the lever down.

Hook the yarn into the hooks at the bottom of the pusher rods all the way across. Push the lever on the right up and down to create the first row of your pattern. Repeat this until the pattern card pops out at the bottom. If you want to continue this pattern, push the card back in. If you want to continue with another pattern, replace the card to change the pattern in your knitting design.

When your knitted piece is complete, tie it off at the end to secure the pattern. Unhook the loop from the last two pushers on the left with a crochet hook. Loop the first one through the end of the crochet hook, then loop the second on the crochet hook. Catch the second loop on the end of the crochet hook and pull the second loop through the first loop so that only the second loop remains on the hook. Continue to remove the loops up the left side of the pushers, looping one through the other until you reach the top of the machine. When you get to the last loop at the top of the PASSAP machine, loop the end of the yarn through the last loop, and pull it tight. It should pull tight.

Cut the yarn off at the top end of the pattern 5 inches long. Tie a slipknot on the end of the yarn piece and loop the yarn onto the crochet needle. Weave the 5 inches of yarn into the knitted piece to ensure the end is securely fastened and will not come unwoven.


  • Pins will sometimes stick on PASSAP knitting machines and this is normal. If pins are stuck when you start, push and pull them to loosen them, making sure they pop up to avoid error in knitting.


  • Do not change the pattern card until it pops out of the bottom. Changing it before it pops out will pull your pattern out of place and you will have to start over.