How to Read a Bass Clef. Bass provides a foundation, helping to bring together the rhythms and melodies of music. Knowing what to play, by being able to read musical notes, can open up a world of options for musicians. Reading and writing musical notation makes communicating between musicians much easier and often opens up opportunities for professional work as a musician.
Look at a sheet of music with a bass clef. The bass clef looks like a large comma followed by a colon. It is also called an F clef. The bass clef is placed at the beginning of a music staff, which is the lines and spaces on which the notes are written. There are five lines and four spaces between the lines.
Learn which pitches correspond to which lines and spaces on the staff. Pitches are represented by the letters; A, B, C, D, E, F and G. Musical notes are placed on the lines and spaces to symbolize what pitches to play. In a bass clef the lines, starting from the bottom, stand for G, B, D, F and A and the spaces, starting from the bottom, stand for A, C, E and G.
Help yourself remember the pitches by forming a sentence where the first letter of each word corresponds to the lines and spaces. For the pitches on the lines, G, B, D, F and A, try the sentence "Good boys do fine always." For the pitches on the spaces, A, C, E and G, try the sentence "All cows eat grass."
Sometimes pitches are lower or higher than what can be shown on the staff. The spaces and lines of the staff repeat above and below it, though they are not shown unless they are needed for these lower or higher pitches. When needed, these notes are placed on ledger lines, small lines holding one note.
Get to know accidentals, these are symbols that signify a pitch is raised or lowered. If these symbols appear right after the bass clef, they affect the entire piece of music. If they appear before the note, they only affect that measure. Sharps raise the pitch half of a step and their symbol resembles a crooked # sign. Flats lower the pitch half a step and their symbol resembles a lower case "b."
Practice reading the bass clef. This is the best way to improve your ability. Try to practice at least a couple of times a week. It may be especially useful to play along with the corresponding audio as you read the notation to help understand how the bass part fits in with the rest of the musical arrangement. Though it might be a slow struggle at first, eventually your speed and accuracy will improve.