Sharks have lived on Earth for millions of years, relatively unchanged by evolution. Their mystery has made them a subject of fascination for humans. If you want to make a shark head for a decoration or school project, the task may seem daunting, but the process is relatively straightforward. You will make a form out of chicken wire, then add a paper mache skin. This project is quite inexpensive, so you can make multiple shark heads on a small budget.
Things You'll Need
- Scissors (Optional)
- White Glue
- Sealing Spray
- Hot Glue (Optional)
- Craft Foam (Optional)
- Leather Work Gloves
- Chicken Wire
- Mixing Bowl
- Wire Cutters
Research different kinds of sharks if you don't know what kind you want to re-create. Different species vary in size and shape, so this research is essential for creating an accurate head. A hammerhead, for example, differs greatly from a great white.
Form the shape for the shark head with chicken wire. Bend the wire into the proper shape by hand, wearing leather work gloves. Cut pleats with wire cutters in order to overlap sections for a rounded shape, and twist loose wires together to permanently join seams.
Trim the wire around the back of the head so that it lies upright on the ground. This cleans it up, and makes applying the paper mache easier.
Tear several newspapers into strips.
Mix a paper mache paste by combining three parts white glue to one part water.
Dip strips of newspaper into the paste, then smooth them onto the surface until it is completely covered.
Apply three additional layers of paper mache to the form.
Fold over strips of newspaper and overlap them on the sides of the head to create gills, if desired.
Let the head dry overnight.
Paint the head with spray paint or acrylic paint, following the color patterns that your research suggested.
Allow the paint to dry, then spray the shark with a satin-finish sealing spray.
Cut teeth out of white craft foam if your shark's mouth is open. Glue them into the mouth with hot glue.
Alex Smith began writing in 2006 and brings a combination of education and humor to various websites. He holds a Master of Arts in theater and works as a professional makeup and special-effects artist.