Wood density, also referred to as bulk density or weight density, is a measurement of weight per unit volume. Wood density varies among different tree species and even within the same species. The amount of moisture in the wood can affect the density. Therefore, measurements are given for wood that is seasoned, or completely dried, before being measured.
Walnut wood is a hardwood made from walnut trees. Walnut wood has a density between 40 and 43 lbs/ft³. Other varieties of walnut include the Black Walnut, also known as the American Black Walnut, with a density of 35.09 lbs/ft³, the Claro Walnut, with a density of 30 lbs/ft³ and the European Walnut, with a density of 35 lbs/ft³.
Mahogany is a hardwood that comes from a range of mahogany trees. Popular species include the Spanish Mahogany, with a density of 53 lbs/ft³, African Mahogany, with a density of 41.7 lbs/ft³, Honduras Mahogany, with a density of 41 lbs/ft³ and Cuban mahogany, with a density of 40 lbs/ft³.
Maple is available as a soft wood and a hardwood from a variety of maple species. Varieties include Silver Maple, with a density of 32 lbs/ft³, Red Maple, with a density of 34 lbs/ft³ and Sugar Maple, with a density of 42 lbs/ft³.
Joan Reinbold is a writer, author of six books, blogs and makes videos. She has been a tutor for students, library assistant, certified dental assistant and business owner. She has lived (and gardened) on three continents, learning home renovation in the process. She received her Bachelor of Arts in 2006.