There are many ways to knit socks. The most common and easiest way is to knit in the round using four or five double-pointed knitting needles, thus eliminating seams at the heels. You'll have comfy socks and the fun of "turning" the heel will make the project seem to go quicker. You'll need to know how to knit to make socks.
Cast on the desired number of stitches onto one needle, following a sock knitting pattern. The number of stitches you cast on will determine the size of your sock.
Divide the stitches equally on four needles to knit in rounds.
Knit ribbing for 2 inches to create some elasticity to the cuff.
Knit in the round until the cuff is the correct length, usually 5 to 7 inches.
Divide the number of stitches in half and shift around the needles. Now the center of the heel will be at the beginning of the cuff rounds. Divide the remaining instep stitches (those that will form the front of the foot) onto two of your needles for later. Your heel stitches will be on two other needles.
Work the heel on your two needles back and forth following your pattern until it is the desired length.
Shape the heel or "turn" the heel using short knitted rows in a V shape. This technique can vary. Check your pattern for the method to use for your sock.
Join the instep to the heel. Knit stitches so the round begins at the middle point of the heel (the sole).
Decrease the width of the instep to match your foot, following your patterns instructions. Do this by decreasing stitches to form a wedge-shaped instep.
Knit the foot with no more shaping until the sock is 2 inches shorter than the desired total length from heel to toe.
Finish the sock by shifting half of your stitches onto the second needle, and divide the remaining stitches between the first and third needles. Knit double decreases at each side of the sock's toe section until the number of remaining stitches are complete.
Weave the toe seam together using a kitchener stitch.
For most socks, the number of stitches cast on equal the number of stitches on the foot after the heel shaping is completed. Cuffs sometimes have one to two inches of ribbing for elasticity at the top.