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DIY: How to Build a Heavy Duty Wood Storage Bin

New Wood Screw image by Jim Mills from Fotolia.com

Heavy-duty wood storage bins can hold just about anything. They are ideal for both indoor and outdoor use because you can paint or stain them for a decorative edge, and add a weather-resistant glaze. Another benefit of a DIY wood storage bin is that you can customize the size and shape to fit even the oddest-shaped corners in your home or garage.

Preparation and Styles

Using thick pieces of lumber, at least two inches thick, will create a heavy-duty storage bin because planks of solid wood have greater durability than prefabricate sheets of plywood. If you have a particular place you want to set the bin, measure the space before you begin construction to ensure the final project fits the appropriate dimensions. Bins with a cover will require space above the unit to swing the lid open. Because you are creating a sturdy wood bin, you will attach the cover to the core unit instead of using a lift off lid, because a freestanding cover is heavy. A loose lid is also not ideal for the indoors because when you remove it, you must place it somewhere and might make accidental wall dings.

You also have the option to leave a cover off completely. An open end bin is easy to place and lift items out of and is excellent for holding firewood because the open end allows air to reach the firewood, keeping it dry and in optimal condition for burning.

Building the Bin

Cut the four walls of the bin to match your previously determined measurements. You can hold them together with either nails or screws, but if your bin is intended for the outdoors, consider using screws because they prevent warped wood from pulling away. Although you will treat the bin to prevent weathering, moisture can still make its way in over time; screws hold the pieces in place better despite changes to the wood.

Use a single piece of wood for the bottom that reaches the outer edge of all sides. This is the best method for creating a sturdy bottom. It also allows you to screw the edges of the bottom up into the bin walls for a durable hold.

Use hinges for the cover. They secure the lid in place and allow you to open it with ease.


Paint or stain the bin after it is completed. You can cut down on the amount of paint or stain you use by only treating the outer portion. Bins that will be housed indoors also benefit from a water-resistant glaze, which keeps spilled liquid from reaching the inner portions of the wood.

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