Wide Angle Vs. Fisheye Lens

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A wide-angle lens captures a wide or broad area of view. A fisheye lens, one example of an ultra-wide angle lens, captures close to a 360-degree horizon.

Wide-angle lens

Wide-angle lens are often used in landscape photography.
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A wide-angle lens has a focal length of less than 50mm. According to Heather Powell, writing for ePHOTOzine, "Landscape photography is where wide-angles tend to be most commonly used." A wide-angle lens may also be selected to shoot close-up pictures, often resulting in compositions with a distorted perspective.

Fisheye lens

An example of a photo shot with a circular fisheye lens
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A fisheye lens may be either circular or full-frame. A photo shot with a circular fisheye lens--having a focal length between 8mm and 10mm--results in a complete picture circle surrounded by black on all sides. A photo shot with a full-frame fisheye--having a focal length between 15mm and 16mm--has a more conventional, rectangular appearance.

Similarities

Using a wide-angle lens with a small f-stop will result in great depth of field.
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Both general wide-angle and fisheye lenses have a short focal length. Shooting with a small f-stop (f22, for example) will result in incredible depth of field. This means that everything in the image, from foreground to background, will be in sharp focus.

Differences

Shooting with a fisheye lens causes extreme image distortion.
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The wider a lens' angle is, the greater the image distortion. Because a fisheye is an ultra-wide angle lens, the distortion is extreme.

Wide angle vs. fisheye

A general wide angle lens offers more flexibility than a fisheye.
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If you are looking for greater flexibility and more traditional images, then a general wide-angle is your best choice. According to photographer and author Scott Kelby, a fisheye is a "special-effects lens that you will want to use sparingly, because the fisheye look can get old fast if you use it too much."

References

  • "The Digital Photography Book;" Scott Kelby; 2009

About the Author

Reference librarian Fritzi Newton stokes her passion for words as the editor of and contributing writer for Highly Recommended, a daily blog for a nationally recognized public library system. Her additional experience as a grant proposal writer has resulted in the creation of innovative library initiatives. Newton graduated from the University of Maryland.

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