No matter which game of pool or billiards you play, you must have a pool cue to strike the ball. In the early days of pool, hundreds of years ago, players used a crooked staff with a large head at one end. The construction of the cue evolved to modern cue sticks which are turned on a lathe and utilize woods such as maple, cocobolo and ebony. Pool cues now come in all sizes, but there are a number of standard pool cue lengths. While some sizes are a matter of custom, others are a matter of practicality.
Standard cue lengths are 57 inches for one-piece house cues. These are the cues you find in nearly every upscale pool hall. They are one piece, meaning they do not unscrew into two halves like most professional cues do.
Standard, two-piece cues are 58-inches long with the butt and shaft an equal 29 inches. This is the length of cue that the majority of professional pool players use. The two pieces, the shaft and the butt, are screwed together with a joint pin.
Shorty cues (36 inches to 52 inches)
A "shorty" cue is made to accommodate shooting in a situation in which a regular-length pool stick is too long. This could be because the room is too small and there is a wall preventing a shot, or because a room beam is in the way. Shorty cues can be as short as 36 inches, but are also available in sizes of 48 and 52 inches.
A longer pool cue size of 60 inches is made, normally to accommodate taller players who prefer to grip the stick further back on its grip. You typically don't find this length of cue at most bars and pool halls. Many are custom made.
Adjustable Length Cues
An adjustable length cue is a recent invention that is made of multiple pieces that screw on and off to make the cue longer or shorter. The cue adjusts from 48 to 58 inches, allowing a player to use both a standard cue and a shorty cue with one cue stick.