Yellow canary diamonds are incredibly rare diamonds that are yellow in color. The range of color varies, from dark to light yellow, and often has other tints of color, such as browns, oranges and greens. Because these diamonds are rare and most often found in natural environments, as opposed to mines, they are also valuable. Some of the most famous canary yellow diamonds have been found in Africa, Australia and Arkansas in the United States. Certain celebrities are also famous for the yellow canary diamonds they have worn, such as Hilary Clinton, Whoopi Goldberg, Christy Turlington, Donatella Versace and Julianne Moore.
Yellow canary diamonds can be found in various countries, but the most valuable, vividly colored diamonds have been mined in South Africa. The first canary yellow diamond was discovered in Africa in 1866. Named the Eureka diamond, it was pale yellow in color and weighed 10.7 carats. Colored diamonds, such as the yellow canary diamonds, are formed when there are additional elements involved in the creation process. The presence of nitrogen in the diamond creation process is what adds the yellow color to the diamond.
Yellow canary diamonds are incredibly rare, and therefore even more costly than colorless diamonds. There is only one yellow diamond in the world for every 10,000 white diamonds, which is the reason they are considered so valuable. Also, because the amount of nitrogen in the diamond is always different, every yellow canary diamond is one of kind, also adding value. It is uncommon for yellow canary diamonds to be found in diamond mines. Yellow diamonds from the mine are often not as vibrant yellow, and therefore are not as valuable as the ones found naturally in the ground.
The largest natural diamond on Earth is the Kimberley Octahedron. It is a yellow canary diamond weighing 616 carats. This diamond was discovered in a South African mine in 1972. Today, the diamond can be found on display in the Diamond Vault at the Big Hole in Kimberley, South Africa. The largest gem-quality yellow canary diamond is called the Incomparable. It is a deep brownish yellow color, and weighs 407.48 carats. It's actually the third largest diamond in the world, but holds the record for being the largest internally flawless diamond on Earth. A little girl found it in a pile of rubble in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Yellow canary diamonds are graded based on the saturation of color. The deeper or brighter the color, the more valuable they are. Yellow diamonds are graded face-up, unlike white diamonds, which are graded face-down. As is typical with all diamonds, the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) assigns a value based on cut, carat weight, clarity and color. Yellow canary diamonds are also graded on the evenness of their color, and also the undertones of color, such as brown or orange. Often, lighter yellow canary diamonds are more popular because they tend to sparkle more. The cut or faceting also plays a major role in the appearance and value of a yellow canary diamond. The faceting is what finishes the diamond and causes it to sparkle. Faceting can also hide imperfections in the stone, make the color appear more vivid, and give the diamond character.
It is important to find a certified yellow canary diamond dealer when making a purchase. If you choose to buy your diamond online, beware of scams. Keep some questions in mind when you are choosing an online diamond dealer. Beware of prices that are significantly lower than prices you have found elsewhere. Watch out for sites that show the same photo for each diamond without the disclaimer that says the photos are "representative." Make sure the lab that graded the diamond is GIA or AGS Laboratories. Check the refund and trade-up policies carefully. Always research a dealer before you make the purchase, so you don't lose money or spend too much for a low-quality yellow canary diamond.