What Is a 555 Timer Used For?

By J.T. Barett
The 555 timer is one of the most popular integrated circuits of all time

One of the most popular integrated circuits (ICs) of all time, the 555 timer was introduced in the 1970s and is still made by the billions today. It’s easy to use, inexpensive and suited to a wide range of applications.

Description

The 555 timer IC is an 8-pin electronic pulse generator. Its general-purpose design lets you configure it for different modes of operation, such as astable (free-running oscillator) or monostable (one-shot). It has a frequency range of less than one pulse per minute up to about 500 kilohertz.

Clock

Many digital circuits need a centralized pulse source, called a clock, to synchronize signals and events. The 555 IC’s astable mode produces a steady pulse waveform suitable for clocking digital circuits.

Tone Source

The same astable mode that generates pulses can be used in the audio range to create tones in a speaker. You can use a 555 as a beeper, buzzer or siren.

One-Shot

The 555 can be configured in monostable, or one-shot, mode. When it receives a trigger pulse, it produces a single, precisely timed pulse of its own. You can, for example, use this to open an automatic door for ten seconds, then close it.

Light Flasher

You can use a 555 to directly drive a light-emitting diode (LED). Running as a pulse generator, it will flash the LED at any speed you wish. Several 555s flashing LEDs can create a colorful, twinkling display.

About the Author

Chicago native J.T. Barett has a Bachelor of Science in physics from Northeastern Illinois University and has been writing since 1991. He has contributed to "Foresight Update," a nanotechnology newsletter from the Foresight Institute. He also contributed to the book, "Nanotechnology: Molecular Speculations on Global Abundance."